Henry Van de Velde
Van de Velde was a belgian painter and architect who ranks with his compatriot Victor Horta as an pioneer of Art Nouveau, characterized by long sinuous lines derived from naturalistic forms. By designing furniture and objects for the Paris art gallery of Samuel Bing in 1896, he contributed to bringing Art Nouveau to France. Van de Velde’s most vital contributions to modern design were made in Germany, where his name became known through the exhibition of furnished interiors at Dresden in 1897. In 1902 he went to Weimar as artistic adviser to the grand duke of Saxe-Weimar. There, influenced by the philosophy of William Morris and the Arts and Crafts Movement, he reorganized the Kunstgewerbeschule (Arts and Crafts School) and thus laid the foundations for Walter Gropius’ amalgamation of the two bodies into the Bauhaus in 1919.